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Daphni, also Dafnion, is a Byzantine monastery 11 km north-west of the center of Athens, located in a Daphnian grove. It was founded in the 6th century on the site of the pagan sanctuary of Apollo of Daphnia, which was destroyed by the Goths in 395. Of the Ionic columns of the ancient temple, which were used in the construction of the church, now only one is preserved. Those who remained in the XIX century were taken to England by Lord Elgin. The monastic cross-domed church belongs to the best preserved examples of the architecture of the Macedonian dynasty and the Middle Byzantine period as a whole. Its construction can be attributed to the first half of the XI century. Mosaic decoration appeared somewhat later, at the turn of the XII century, with the first Comnen.
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