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Filopappou Hill, also known as the Hill of the Muses, is located near the sacred mountain Acropolis in the center of Athens, or rather to the left of it. Who was Philopappos and why was a whole hill named after him? Guy Julius Filopappos was the grandson of the last of the dynasties of the Syrian kings - Antiochus IV Epiphanes, as well as the king of Commagens - provinces of the Roman Empire. However, Filopappos lived in Athens for most of his life and considered himself a citizen of Greece, honored Greek laws and the church, respected traditions. After the death of Filopappos, the inhabitants of Athens decided to honor the memory of the king, and erected in his honor a monument to Philopappou on the top of the highest hill near the Acropolis. Later, the whole mountain began to be called “Filopappou Hill”, and is known by this name to this day. It is assumed that the monument was installed during the rule of the Romans, in 114-116g. I century. It is a three-meter two-tier structure with a frieze at the bottom and statues of Philopappos and his family from above (although they are preserved, but only partially). On the frieze at the bottom of the monument, Philopappos is also seated, sitting on a chariot. In the corners of the frieze, you can see several inscriptions in Greek and Latin languages, in honor of whom, why and when the monument was erected. However, tourists are not attracted to the hill by the monument itself, but by the panorama of Athens, which opens from the height of the hill. In addition to the Acropolis, located at about the same height as the monument, you can enjoy the picturesque view of the city, which lies below. To look at the monument to Filopappou, you will need to overcome the ascent of the hill by the stairs with more than a dozen steps, but in the summer months, while also making your way through the crowd of tourists. Therefore, we would recommend that you choose to visit the afternoon, or even evening hours - when there are relatively few people here.
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