Vitebsky railway station is the first in Russia and one of the most beautiful railway stations in St. Petersburg.
The history of the station originates in the middle of the XIX century. In 1836, by decree of Emperor Nicholas I, the construction of the first railway in Russia began, connecting St. Petersburg and Tsarskoe Selo. The construction of the road, called Tsarskoye Selo, was led by an eminent Czech and Austrian engineer, professor at the Vienna Polytechnic Institute, Franz Gerstner. The traffic on the St. Petersburg - Tsarskoye Selo section was solemnly opened on October 30, 1837, and Tsarskoye Selo (now Vitebsk) station became one of the main attractions of the city, attracting crowds of people who came to see the arriving locomotives.
The first modest station building on Semenovsky Square and a wooden platform served for 12 years, after which it was decided to build a stone building. The construction project was created by architect K.A. In a tone, and the new stone station existed until the beginning of the 20th century.
At the beginning of 1900, construction of the highway to Vitebsk and the interchange along the Odessa direction continued. This served to increase the number of passengers, in connection with which it was decided to rebuild the station.
This is how the modern station building, built in 1904 according to the project of academician of architecture S.A. Brzhozovsky and became the first example of modern style in the architecture of the city. For that time, the project of the building was innovative - in addition to traditional materials, a large number of metal structures were used in the construction.
In addition, various complex technical innovations were widely used at the station, many solutions were advanced for that time: elevators for luggage and passengers, conveyors, electricity that was widely used. A distinctive feature of the station was the location of the apron at the level of the second floor, since the embankment on which the tracks were laid was raised almost 5 meters.