The prototype of the icon was found after a fire in Kazan in 1579, which destroyed part of the city. The nine-year-old Matrona (later - Mavra, a nun of the Kazan Monastery of the Mother of God) in a dream appeared the Mother of God, who ordered her icon to be dug up in ashes. In the indicated place at a depth of a meter an icon was indeed found.
This list dates from the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. The icon belonged to Queen Paraskovie Fyodorovna (the widow of Tsar Iaanna Alekseevich). In 1713, the image was transferred by Peter I from Moscow to St. Petersburg. Since 1737, this icon has been located in the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin on Nevsky Prospect, and since 1811 - in the iconostasis of the Kazan Cathedral, built in its place. In the early 1920s, the iconostasis was destroyed, and the icon was transferred first to the church of the Smolensk Icon of the Mother of God, and then to the Prince-Vladimir Cathedral, where it remained during the Siege of Leningrad.
In July 2002, the icon was solemnly transferred to the Kazan Cathedral, where it occupied its historical place in the recreated iconostasis.
The Virgin Mary is depicted with a slight inclination of the head towards the Infant. The Christ child is presented strictly in front, the figure is limited to the waist, only the right hand is visible with a blessing (usually two-fingered) gesture.
The Kazan Icon of the Virgin is one of the most revered and reproduced icons, now it is in fact one of the independent iconographic types of the Mother of God icons in Russia.